Multimodal Learning Analytics and Education Data Mining: using computational technologies to measure complex learning tasks
New high-frequency multimodal data collection technologies and machine learning analysis techniques could offer new insights into learning, especially when students have the opportunity to generate unique, personalized artifacts, such as computer programs, robots, and solutions engineering challenges. To date most of the work on learning analytics and educational data mining has been focused on online courses and cognitive tutors, both of which provide a high degree of structure to the tasks, and are restricted to interactions that occur in front of a computer screen. In this paper, we argue that multimodal learning analytics can offer new insights into students’ learning trajectories in more complex and open-ended learning environments. We present several examples of this work and its educational application.
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